AI Weekly: Despite fears of job-stealing robots, AI did a lot of good this year

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In case you somehow missed the dire predictions regarding artificial intelligence: AI is coming for our jobs. Over 10 percent of positions currently occupied by humans will be eliminated by cheaper, more efficient automated replacements, and experts agree AI could make redundant as many as 75 million jobs by 2025.

With new reports sounding the alarm bells on what seems a daily basis, it’s all too easy to get caught up in the negativity. But as we reflect back on a few of AI’s achievements in 2018, I’d argue it’s tough not to be encouraged by the good it can do — specifically, the ways AI can augment skilled humans.

Recall Unanimous AI, a startup headquartered in San Francisco and founded by Stanford-educated computer scientist and CEO Louis Rosenberg. Its swarm intelligence platform — which uses, as you might have guessed, machine learning — makes predictions with the help of living, breathing people. In a study conducted earlier this year by Stanford University’s School of Medicine, a group of radiologists achieved 82 percent diagnostic accuracy with Unanimous AI’s solution, compared to human experts’ 73 percent accuracy.

“Humans have experience, knowledge, wisdom, and intuition that’s not being represented in these big datasets,” Rosenberg told VentureBeat in an earlier phone interview. “It takes 12 years to become a radiologist — 12 years of talking to other doctors, observing and processing the world, and filling the databases inside their heads. There’s value in this.”

Then there’s the encouraging work emerging from programs like Microsoft and National Geographic’s AI for Earth Innovation Grant, which seeks to invest tens of millions of dollars over the next four years to bolster AI development across five key areas — agriculture, biodiversity, conservation, climate change, and water. This year’s winners include faculty director of Stanford’s Natural Capital Project Gretchen Daily, who’s working on a way of measuring the impact of dams and reservoirs around the world, and Solomon Hsiang, associate professor of public policy at the University of California, Berkeley, who will use 1.6 million historical aerial photographs to identify the effect of droughts and climate change on human migration in Africa.

“We’re well aware of the power of taking machine learning-based approaches to solving problems,” Lucas Joppa, chief environmental officer at Microsoft, told VentureBeat earlier this month. “There’s so little we know about the natural world, [and] the technology sector has the potential to accelerate the next phase of Earth exploration … I wake up incredibly enthusiastic about how much there is left to be discovered.”

Need more examples of AI’s potential for positive impact? What about Huawei’s Facing Emotions app for visually impaired users, which uses a smartphone camera and algorithms to “translate” seven universal emotions — anger, fear, disgust, happiness, sadness, surprise, and contempt — into corresponding sounds, or an interactive game from Montreal startup Stradigi AI that uses computer vision to help people learn American Sign Language (ASL)? Facebook is using AI to generate photo captions for blind users. Chipmaker Intel recently supported Wheelie, a startup working on a wheelchair that enables riders to navigate with facial expressions, through its AI for Social Good initiative.

And earlier this month Xprize, a nonprofit organization that aims to spark projects that “solve societal grand challenges,” provided an update on its four-year effort to develop scalable AI technologies that address some of the world’s most difficult problems. In a bonus milestone round timed to coincide with the NeurIPS conference in Montreal, Aifred Health, a Montreal startup developing a system that uses data about mental health to help clinicians choose personalized patient treatment programs, took home first place and $35,000.

On the ecological front, Google and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) earlier this year announced a project that uses machine learning models to identify endangered whale species and inform shipping companies of their locations. Separately, the search giant detailed its work to predict impending severe floods by setting AI models loose on historical weather data, as well as its dogged pursuit of models that can predict the location of aftershocks up to one year after a major earthquake.

“Artificial intelligence is not just helping people create more useful products — we use it in a lot of ways throughout many Google products — but is also emerging as a really powerful tool for improving the society that we live in,” Google AI head Jeff Dean said onstage at a Google event in October. “In fact, I’d argue that there’s never been a better time to be working in the field of artificial intelligence.”

Source: VentureBeat

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