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Madras HC Rejects Pleas by Indian Firms and Startups Over Google Play Billing Policy

Madras HC Rejects Pleas by Indian Firms and Startups Over Google Play Billing Policy

In a recent ruling, the Madras High Court has dismissed most of the petitions filed by Indian companies against Google regarding its app billing policy. The court has stated that this matter falls under the jurisdiction of the Competition Commission of India (CCI).

The issue revolves around Google’s app billing policy, which has been a subject of contention among several Indian companies. These companies have raised concerns about the alleged monopolistic practices and anti-competitive behavior by Google in relation to its app billing system.

However, the Madras High Court has decided that the case should be handled by the CCI, the regulatory authority responsible for investigating anti-competitive practices in India. The court’s decision implies that it sees the issue as falling within the domain of competition law and not under its purview.

By directing the companies to approach the CCI, the court is effectively deferring the matter to the competition regulator, which will investigate and assess the allegations against Google’s app billing policies to determine if any violations of competition laws have occurred.

This ruling marks a significant development in the ongoing dispute between Indian companies and Google over app billing practices. It now puts the focus on the CCI to investigate and potentially take appropriate actions based on its findings, which could have far-reaching implications for Google’s app billing practices in India.

The Madras High Court has rejected a majority of the petitions filed by Indian companies against Google’s app billing policy, dismissing as many as 14 out of the 16 pleas. Companies like and Unacademy were among those whose pleas were dismissed. Additionally, Disney+Hotstar and Testbook have filed separate lawsuits against Google’s policies.

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It is important to note that last month, the court had issued an interim order barring Google from delisting apps of companies that had approached the court against the Google Play billing system. This order was seen as a significant development in the ongoing legal battle between Google and Indian companies over the app billing policy.

The court’s recent decision to dismiss the majority of the pleas and refer the matter to the Competition Commission of India (CCI) suggests that it considers the issue as one related to competition law and anti-competitive practices. This could potentially have wider implications for Google’s app billing practices in India and may lead to a thorough investigation by the CCI into the allegations raised by Indian companies.

As the legal proceedings continue, the outcome of the cases filed by Disney+Hotstar, Testbook, and others against Google’s billing policies remains to be seen. The situation is being closely monitored by both Indian companies and Google, as it has implications for the app ecosystem and competition in the Indian digital market.

The pushback from Indian firms against Google’s app billing policies has been significant, with several companies taking legal action against the tech giant. The Madras High Court has played a crucial role in this matter, issuing an interim injunction against a plea filed by, an online matchmaking platform, and subsequently barring Google from delisting applications of firms that had moved the court against its billing system.

Indian startups TrulyMadly, KukuFM, Unacademy, and QuackQuack were among the early challengers of Google’s billing policies, and they were later joined by Kutumb, Stage, and Aha in their efforts to challenge the tech giant’s practices.

Disney+Hotstar and Testbook have also filed suits against Google’s billing policies, further adding to the legal challenges faced by the company in India. The ongoing legal battles highlight the concerns of Indian firms regarding app billing practices and their potential impact on competition and revenue.

The Madras High Court’s decisions and the actions taken by various Indian companies reflect a growing trend of tech companies facing scrutiny over their business practices in the country. The court’s interim orders and the referral of the matter to the Competition Commission of India (CCI) indicate that the issue is being taken seriously, and the final outcome could have significant implications for the app ecosystem and competition in India’s digital market.

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The legal challenges and backlash faced by Google in India were triggered by its attempt to implement a mandatory Google Play Billing System that provided the sole option for payments and imposed a fee ranging from 15% to 30% based on the developer’s annual revenue. This move was met with resistance from Indian companies, including, who argued that it was anti-competitive and imposed unfair financial burdens on developers.

As a result of the backlash and the intervention of the Indian competition watchdog, Google introduced an alternative billing system with a service fee framework. Under this framework, developers are charged 15% for the first $1 million in revenue earned each year and 15% for automatically renewing subscription products purchased by subscribers, regardless of the developer’s annual revenue.

Despite these changes, Indian companies continued to challenge Google’s billing policies, and some of them, including, obtained interim injunctions from the Madras High Court to prevent their apps from being delisted due to non-compliance with Google’s policies.

In response to the criticisms and legal challenges, Google defended its investments in Android and Google Play and highlighted the role these platforms have played in supporting the growth of India’s app ecosystem. The tech giant also made adjustments to the Google Play service fee specifically for India, reducing it by 4% for those who choose to pay through the alternative billing payment.

The ongoing legal battles and regulatory scrutiny have brought the issue of app billing practices to the forefront in India, with implications for competition and revenue in the digital market. As the matter continues to unfold, the Indian competition authorities and the courts will play a critical role in determining the outcome and potential implications for the app ecosystem and the broader tech industry in the country.

Google asserted that the service fees charged by Google Play are the lowest compared to other major app stores. Additionally, Google claimed that only 3% of developers in India engage in selling digital goods or services, and thus, would be the ones required to pay the service fee.

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The statement appears to be part of Google’s effort to defend its billing policies and address concerns raised by Indian developers regarding the impact of the service fees on their businesses. By highlighting the relatively low percentage of developers who are subject to the service fee, Google aims to underscore that the majority of developers in the Indian app ecosystem are not directly affected by the billing changes.

However, the figure of 3% should be taken in context, as it does not imply that the impact is insignificant. In a large and diverse app market like India, even 3% of developers could represent a substantial number of businesses. Moreover, the impact on those 3% of developers may still be significant, depending on their size and revenue streams.

The debate surrounding app store service fees is a complex one, and the views on their fairness and impact vary among developers, regulators, and technology companies. As the Indian tech ecosystem continues to grow, the discussion on app store billing policies and their implications for developers and consumers is likely to remain a subject of interest and scrutiny.



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