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Major Headway in G20 under India’s Presidency: FM Nirmala Sitharaman 2023

Major Headway in G20 under India’s Presidency: FM Nirmala Sitharaman 2023

Sitharaman spoke electronically at a G20 Finance Track event, stating, “So far, we have ensured that geopolitical differences do not supersede the core G20 mandate of international cooperation.”

According to Union Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman, India’s G20 presidency has significantly tackled issues like debt vulnerabilities in low- and middle-income nations.

g20 india: India's G20 presidency receives strong support from all members  on all key priorities: Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman - The Economic  Times

In the face of growing problems in the global economy, it has improved the lending capacity of multilateral development banks (MDBs) and shaped the regulatory environment for cryptocurrencies, she said.

Sitharaman spoke electronically at a G20 FinanceTrack event, stating, “So far, we have ensured that geopolitical differences do not supersede the core G20 mandate of international cooperation.”

After a two-day gathering of the 20-nation bloc’s central bank governors and finance ministers, the road map for improved MDB lending capacities, the need to address debt vulnerabilities, and a coordinated risk-based regulatory framework for cryptocurrencies was approved on July 18.

Given the disagreements between the G7 sector and the Russians on depicting the Ukraine crisis, the discussions could not result in a joint communiqué. “While keeping a forward-looking agenda for the G20 in 2023, the Indian president has ensured that consensus is obtained on all economic problems.

Finding solutions to current issues and preventing new ones have been the main topics of discussion, the Sitharaman stated.

The minister warned that the expansion of debt problems in fragile economies presents severe dangers to the sustainability of development.

“The Indian G20 presidency has placed great importance on managing global debt vulnerabilities, demonstrating a commitment to voicing the concerns of the global south,” the speaker stated.

Some progress has been made on debt relief for the most vulnerable nations, which India pushed for as the chair, with China pledging its support for the resolution process.

Debt crisis key priority of India's G20 presidency, says FM in US | Latest  News India - Hindustan Times

The G20 Independent Expert Group on MDB Reforms, co-convened by N K Singh, has predicted that by 2030, extra spending of $3 trillion per year will be needed to meet pressing global concerns and sustainable development goals.

According to sources, two-thirds of the $3 trillion yearly requirement may be completed by mobilizing local resources and the remaining third by extra foreign finance. Over half of the $1 trillion in foreign finance may come from private sources, with the remaining funds from public sources, including MDBs.

Many donors and borrowing nations are pressing MDBs to extend their lending activities beyond their core development responsibilities. She said that MDBs need to prepare to handle the growing demand for their resources effectively.

The block also supported the Financial Stability Board’s (FSB) high-level suggestions for the regulation of crypto assets and international stablecoin arrangements during the FMCBG conference.

As we approach the Leaders Summit in September 2023, “the upcoming synthesis paper developed by the International Monetary Fund and the FSB, coupled with the roadmap, will be instrumental in shaping future regulatory measures for crypto assets,” Sitharaman added.

The G20 summit, a group that brings together the world’s largest economies to discuss and promote international financial stability, witnessed significant strides in 2023. Under India’s presidency, led with determination and vision by Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman, the summit charted a fresh course towards global financial stability, sustainable development, and improved cooperation among member countries.

Drawing from India’s domestic initiatives, the emphasis was on blending development with sustainability. There was a renewed push for member countries to adopt cleaner and more sustainable energy sources and encourage environmentally friendly industries.

India's G20 Presidency and leadership in governing VDAs | The Financial  Express

Recognizing the growing significance of the digital economy, there was an active push for more countries to adopt digital banking, e-commerce, and other online services. Efforts were also geared towards promoting digital literacy, ensuring that even the marginalized sections of society can benefit from the growing digital trend.

 India’s presidency championed the call for an equitable global tax structure to ensure large multinational corporations pay their fair share. The primary focus was closing the loopholes many companies exploit to move profits to low-tax jurisdictions.

The summit addressed concerns related to the mounting debts of many developing nations, especially in the wake of the COVID-19 pandemic. Proposals were put forth to restructure and relieve countries facing acute debt crises.

Drawing lessons from the COVID-19 pandemic, a unanimous call was for a more substantial global healthcare infrastructure. India emphasized the need for collaborative research, sharing of best practices, and a global strategy to combat future health crises.

FM Sitharaman’s leadership was pivotal in driving these significant changes. With her vast experience and understanding of global and domestic financial landscapes, she was crucial in formulating policies and reaching consensus among member countries.

Fortune India: Business News, Strategy, Finance and Corporate Insight

FM Sitharaman effectively used diplomacy to iron out differences among member countries, ensuring that discussions remained constructive and focused on the greater good.

She showcased India’s success in digital payments, renewable energy, and grassroots financial inclusion to drive home the point that sustainable growth is achievable.

Under her guidance, the summit went beyond mere financial discussions. It included dialogues about gender equality, education, and the role of the youth in driving future growth.

The international community has lauded India’s presidency in G20. The reforms and initiatives proposed have been welcomed as forward-thinking and timely, especially given the global economic challenges.

Countries like Germany, Japan, and Canada have expressed interest in collaborating further with India on specific initiatives, especially sustainable development and the digital economy. This signifies the summit’s success under India’s leadership and positions India as a significant global player.

Debt in focus as G20 finance chiefs meet in India | Reuters

India’s presidency of the G20 in 2023 marks a watershed moment in international financial diplomacy. Under the able leadership of FM Nirmala Sitharaman, the summit addressed immediate financial concerns and laid the groundwork for a more sustainable, inclusive, and resilient global economy. The outcomes of this summit are expected to shape international economic policies and bilateral partnerships for years to come.

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