BVR Subrahmanyam, a former IAS official, is appointed the CEO of NITI Aayog. Parameswaran Iyer, who was appointed Executive Director of the World Bank, will be replaced by the former Secretary of Commerce. The Appointments Committee approved Subrahmanyam’s position for a period of two years beginning on the day he accepted responsibility, according to an official statement.
Iyer will take over for Rajesh Khullar, an IAS officer from the 1988 batch who has been returned to his home town Haryana. He has been given a three-year appointment to the position. IAS officer Subrahmanyam, class of 1987, held the position of Commerce Secretary for the Central government. He was in the Union Territory of Jammu and Kashmir in the post of Senior Secretary for Finance. Both Manmohan Singh and Narendra Modi employed Subrahmanyam in the Prime Minister’s Office. He has worked for the World Bank between stints at the PMO office.
NITI Aayog’s Further Objectives
The top body responsible for developing a shared vision of national objectives, and strategies in crafting the development narrative is the Governing Council of NITI Aayog, which is made up of the Chief Ministers and Lieutenant Governors of all States and Union Territories. ADP is the largest results-based government initiative in the world, encompassing 250 million people in 112 aspirational districts across India. NITI Aayog collaborates with States on the creation and evaluation of development plans. Additionally, it gives the state governments and central ministries a forum for direct issue-based communication, facilitating the prompt resolution of open problems.
The NITI Forum for North East has been established, and states are putting into practice concrete sectoral proposals in collaboration with the North East Council to make it possible to incorporate regional issues and challenges when designing the development path for the constituent States. Plans call for the formation of more regional councils of neighboring States, much like the NITI Forum for the North East.
The Himalayan States Regional Council and a coalition of 13 central universities in these States have been established as the first steps in this process. These colleges are conducting studies on topics that affect all 13 Himalayan States.
NITI Aayog primarily supports competitive federalism by creating and making available to the public its sectoral indices. The indicators for water conservation, educational excellence, public health services, export readiness, and Sustainable Development Goals achievement have gained a lot of positive attention.
Brief About BVR Subrahmanyam
BVR Subrahmanyam was transferred to Chhattisgarh in March 2015. Raman Singh, the chief minister of Chhattisgarh, had personally asked Prime Minister Manmohan to transfer Subrahmanyam there. Raman Singh, the chief minister of Chhattisgarh, had personally asked Prime Minister Manmohan to transfer Subrahmanyam there.
BVR Subrahmanyam is renowned for his work in the state’s administration of conflict zones. BVR Subrahmanyam is renowned for his work in the state’s administration of conflict zones.
He promoted coordination and collaboration between the police and the federal security services. This, combined with his on-field strategy and a switch from defensive to offensive tactics, has been successful in quelling the Maoist insurgency. Also, he oversaw the building of fast-tracked highways, which are important in combating the Maoists.
BVR Subrahmanyam had stated to some journalists in August 2020 that “J&K was a “broken state”; there was no system or set of regulations, and deterioration had been going on for a very long time. When the Center abolished J&K’s status in August of last year, not a single person had wept over the incarceration of political and separatist leaders “.
The United Nations Development Programme recently praised NITI Aayog’s Aspirational Districts Programme (ADP) for enabling notable advancements in the 112 least developed districts of the nation in terms of health, nutrition, and educational outcomes since its start. The ADP concept is centered on encouraging competition among districts, facilitating scheme convergence, and encouraging cooperation inside and outside of government entities.
All line ministries’ performance is assessed by the Development Monitoring and Evaluation Office (DMEO) office inside NITI Aayog based on the output and results realized in central and center-sponsored schemes. Additionally, DMEO monitors the development of the central government’s infrastructure ministries in preparation for the prime minister’s recurring evaluations.
NITI Aayog has been collaborating with all states to put up real-time technology-based monitoring capacities while also actively monitoring the progress of the SDGs across all of them.
Practical Implementation NITI Aayog has made and continues to make new policy-related contributions for key central government ministries to implement. It contributed to the creation of the National Medical Commission Bill and the bills to restructure the educational system for homoeopathy and Indian Systems of Medicine. The passage of all three Bills by the two chambers of Parliament has opened the door for the development of a top-notch medical education system in the nation.
Ayushman Bharat, arguably the world’s largest universal health program, was designed and is being closely monitored by NITI Aayog. The National Education Policy has announced reforms to the higher education system, which were also started at NITI Aayog.
In its six years of existence, NITI Aayog has contributed significantly to policy in several sectors, including universal health care, modernizing the agricultural sector, renewable energy, electric transportation, reforming the mining industry, and the fight against women’s and children’s malnutrition.
Role Of NITI Aayog
The National Institute for Transforming India, also known as NITI Aayog, is an Indian government policy think tank that offers recommendations on the many programs and policies of the government. The Union territories, as well as the federal, state, and union territory governments, receive pertinent guidance from the NITI Aayog. Amitabh Kant serves as the NITI Aayog’s chief executive officer. He is a Kerala Cadre Indian Administrative Service employee from the 1980 batch.
The NITI Aayog is crucial in creating plans for the long-term policies and programs of the Indian government. The Planning Committee was abolished in favor of this organization in 1950. The Indian government took this action to better serve the needs of the populace while also giving all states a platform to unite and act in the national interest. A pioneering organization that supports cooperative federalism is NITI Aayog.
Role of the NITI Aayog in the Realization of Social Development Objectives – Coordinating “Transforming our World: the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development Goals” has been given to the NITI Aayog (SDGs). The Millennium Development Goals were achieved, and the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) set for the years 2016–2030 have grown through a similarly lengthy and inclusive process (MDGs).
The UN Summit, which took place from September 25 to September 27, 2015, at which India was represented by the Hon’ble Prime Minister, resulted in the adoption of the SDGs, which include 17 objectives and 169 associated targets. Over the next 15 years, these SDGs will inspire and realize action in crucial spheres of humankind and the earth. The SDG targets and goals are now being developed in parallel by the Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation (MoSPI), working with other ministries.
To achieve these duties, the first stage of a draught mapping of the targets and goals on suggested Nodal and other Ministries in cooperation with MoSPI has already been finished. Also, the Centrally Supported Schemes (CSS), which include the “core,” “optional,” and “core of the core” state-run programs, have been mapped with some recent Central Government efforts. In addition, to correspond with one or more SDGs, Ministries are implementing Central Sector Schemes, while States are implementing several State Schemes.
Edited by Prakriti Arora