Xi Jinping having his 3rd term as President: what it means for China’s relations with the US and other global powers?
Xi Jinping having his unprecedented third term as China’s President, has sparked widespread interest and debate both domestically and internationally.
With China’s rise as a global superpower, Xi’s extended rule has significant implications for the country’s foreign relations and its role in shaping the global order.
While some see Xi’s continued leadership as a sign of stability and progress, others have expressed concern over potential challenges to human rights and political freedoms in China.
Moreover, Xi’s assertive foreign policy and increasing tensions with the United States and other global powers have raised questions about the future of international relations.
As the world continues to grapple with the impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic and other pressing issues, Xi’s third term as China’s President will undoubtedly play a pivotal role in shaping the direction of global politics in the years to come.
Quick brief about Xi Jinping: How his rule started & what good has he done for China?
About Xi Jinping and his journey to becoming a President.
Xi Jinping is the current President of the People’s Republic of China, as well as the General Secretary of the Communist Party of China and the Chairman of the Central Military Commission. He was born on June 15, 1953, in Beijing, China.
Xi Jinping’s political career began in 1974 when he joined the Communist Party of China. He rose through the ranks of the party, holding various positions in the government and the military.
In 2007, Xi became a member of the Standing Committee of the Politburo, the highest decision-making body in China. He was appointed Vice President of China in 2008, and he became General Secretary of the Communist Party of China in 2012.
In 2013, Xi became President of China, succeeding Hu Jintao. He has since consolidated power in China, pursuing an anti-corruption campaign and promoting economic and social reforms. He has also been known for his emphasis on “the Chinese Dream,” which focuses on national rejuvenation, innovation, and reform.
Xi Jinping’s leadership has been marked by increasing assertiveness in China’s foreign policy, including the Belt and Road Initiative, which aims to increase China’s global influence through infrastructure development projects in other countries.
China’s development under Xi Jinping’s rule.
Under Xi Jinping’s leadership, China has seen various benefits, including –
1. Economic growth: China has continued to see significant economic growth under Xi’s rule, with an average annual GDP growth rate of 6.7% from 2013 to 2019.
2. Poverty alleviation: Xi Jinping has made poverty alleviation a priority, and his efforts have resulted in the lifting of over 770 million people out of poverty.
3. Technological development: Xi Jinping has promoted technological innovation and made it a key part of China’s economic development. This has led to significant advancements in areas such as artificial intelligence, 5G technology, and high-speed rail.
4. Global influence: China has become more assertive in its foreign policy under Xi’s rule, and the country’s global influence has increased. China has launched the Belt and Road Initiative, established new international organisations, and increased its participation in global governance.
5. Environmental protection: XiJinping has made environmental protection a priority, and China has taken steps to reduce air pollution, combat climate change, and promote sustainable development.
6. Anti-corruption campaign: Xi has led a high-profile anti-corruption campaign, resulting in the punishment of thousands of corrupt officials and a decrease in corruption in the country.
7. Social stability: Xi has focused on maintaining social stability in China, including strengthening national security, cracking down on terrorism, and promoting social harmony.
Critics against Xi Jinping.
It is worth noting that some critics have pointed to certain negative aspects of Xi Jinping’s rule, including –
1. Human rights abuses: Some human rights groups and international organisations have criticised China under Xi Jinping for its treatment of ethnic and religious minorities, such as the Uighurs in Xinjiang and Tibetans. There have been reports of forced labour, mass detentions, and restrictions on religious and cultural practices.
2. Censorship and media control: Xi Jinping has overseen an increase in censorship and control of the media in China. The government has tightened its control over the internet and social media platforms, and has cracked down on dissenting voices.
3. Political repression: Critics have accused Xi Jinping of cracking down on political dissent and limiting freedom of speech. There have been reports of the detention and imprisonment of activists, lawyers, and journalists.
4. Nationalism: Some observers have expressed concern that Xi Jinping’s emphasis on nationalism and the Chinese Dream could fuel tensions with other countries and exacerbate existing territorial disputes.
5. Debt and economic risks: China’s debt levels have increased under Xi Jinping, raising concerns about the sustainability of the country’s economic growth. There are also concerns about the risks posed by China’s state-owned enterprises and its shadow banking sector.
China-US relationship with Xi Jinping’s Rule.
Xi Jinping’s continued leadership in China may have significant implications for China-US relations. One major area of concern is trade and economic relations.
The US and China have had a complicated trade relationship, with tensions escalating during the Trump administration.
Under Xi Jinping’s leadership, China has made efforts to increase self-reliance and reduce its dependence on the US market. This could lead to a further decoupling of the US and Chinese economies, with each country relying more on domestic production and consumption.
Another area of potential conflict is geopolitics. The US and China have different visions for the global order, with the US advocating for a liberal, democratic order, while China seeks to promote its own model of governance and increase its global influence.
Under Xi Jinping, China has become more assertive in its foreign policy, pursuing initiatives such as the Belt and Road Initiative and increasing its military presence in the South China Sea.
This has led to tensions with the US and other countries in the region, and could continue to be a source of conflict.
However, it is worth noting that there are also areas where the US and China may be able to cooperate.
Climate change is one such area, where both countries have expressed a willingness to work together to address the global challenge.
Additionally, there may be opportunities for collaboration on issues such as global health, cybersecurity, and nuclear nonproliferation.
Overall, the impact of Xi Jinping’s third win on China-US relations is uncertain. While tensions may continue to exist in areas such as trade and geopolitics, there may also be opportunities for cooperation on shared challenges.
It will be important for both countries to engage in dialogue and seek common ground in order to manage their complex relationship.
China’s Relations with Other Countries in the Same governance.
Xi Jinping’s continued leadership in China is likely to have significant implications for other countries. One area of concern is regional dynamics.
China’s assertiveness under Xi Jinping’s leadership has led to tensions with other countries in Asia, such as Japan, South Korea, and India.
These tensions could continue if China continues to pursue a more aggressive foreign policy, particularly in its territorial claims in the South China Sea.
Another area of potential impact is the Belt and Road Initiative. Under Xi Jinping, the BRI has become a major foreign policy priority for China, with investments in dozens of countries.
While the BRI has the potential to bring economic benefits to recipient countries, it has also raised concerns about debt sustainability and the potential for China to use its investments for strategic purposes. This could lead to tensions with recipient countries and other countries in the region.
China’s growing role in global governance is another area of potential impact. Under Xi Jinping’s leadership, China has become more involved in international institutions such as the United Nations and the World Health Organization.
China’s growing influence in global governance could challenge the traditional dominance of Western countries and lead to changes in the global order.
Edited by Prakriti Arora