The National Logistics Policy for the Advancement of India’s Growth

The National Logistics Policy for the Advancement of India’s Growth


Domestic and global economies both benefit from an efficient and effective logistics system. Due to outdated manufacturing technologies and high costs, India is not competitive in global supply chains, unlike China, whose economy was the same size as India in the eighties. 


Logistics costs are also an adverse factor affecting Indian products’ economic viability. The logistics cost in India is 14 percent, compared to 7 to 8 percent in countries like the US, Japan, and China. 


Approximately 10,000 commodities are in the logistics sector in India, with 20 government agencies, 40 partner agencies, 37 export promotion councils, and 40 export promotion councils. 

the national logistics policy for the advancement of india's growth


The Indian logistics market is worth $160 billion despite the pandemic. According to the Ministry of Commerce, there are approximately 22 million jobs in the logistics sector. There are also 200 shipping agencies in the industry, 36 logistics services, 129 inland container depots, 166 container freight stores, and 50 IT ecosystems. 


Despite the above numbers, India’s logistics sector has a largely unorganized structure and operates ad hoc, resulting in high costs. Logistics in India are expensive for multiple reasons. 


There are several reasons why logistics costs are high in the country, including underdeveloped, inadequate, and poorly maintained infrastructure for highways, ports, air terminals, warehousing, and cold chain storage. 


Despite our extensive rail network, the railways are not reliable or efficient for moving freight efficiently. This discourages businesses from using rail, relying on road transport to move goods. 

the national logistics policy for the advancement of india's growth


To become a competitive and advanced economy, India needs to invest more in infrastructure and build and upgrade it. Second, the country’s faulty modal mix is one of the causes of high costs. 


Mass goods are most easily transported by sea/waterways, followed by rail. Road transportation is generally the most expensive compared to rail and waterways. Despite India’s peninsular geography and almost 7,500 km long coastline, 64 percent of its goods are moved by road, 17 percent by rail, and about 7 percent by sea/waterways.


Most of China’s goods are transported by waterways and railways, which are more cost-effective means of transport. This allows them to save on overall shipping costs. 


In India, cost and pollution can be drastically reduced when waterways projects are implemented effectively. Several rivers and inland waterways lack defined courses and depths of water due to environmental and climate factors. 


Three impediments are government clearances and permissions from multiple departments and ministries. Cost overruns caused by compliance delays make the business unprofitable. 

the national logistics policy for the advancement of india's growth


The lack of real-time interface between different government departments and the lack of real-time visibility into processes and functions breed inefficiency due to inadequate use of technology. 


Fourth, India’s reliance on imports makes fuel costs high and volatile. In our transportation sector, fuel is the most significant input, which impacts costs significantly when the price of crude oil skyrockets. Additionally, state and federal governments rely heavily on oil-related taxes, adding to the rise in fuel prices.


Every two years, the World Bank publishes a Logistics Performance Index (LPI) outlining countries’ logistics performance based on the above factors and other inputs. 


World Bank report ranked India more than 50th in 2014 and 35th in 2018. Over this period, infrastructure has improved, and regulations have been simplified. This year’s World Bank LPI places Germany at the top of the list. 


All government stakeholders, systems, and departments must integrate state-of-the-art technology to improve infrastructure. Since 1991, when the private sector was opened to participation by the private sector, infrastructure development has been incremental. 


Recently, however, various functions and processes have been integrated to ease logistics. The National Logistics Policy (NLP) was a standardized measure to address the above deficiencies. The government has explicitly declared that the National Logistics Policy is not an overnight logistics transformation. 

recently, however, various functions and processes have been integrated to ease logistics. the national logistics policy (nlp) was a standardized measure to address the above deficiencies. the government has explicitly declared that the national logistics policy is not an overnight logistics transformation.


The country is currently working on making its logistics costs competitive on a global scale. When implemented, the National Logistics Policy will help the industry achieve efficiency to become globally competitive and is an enabling policy. 


NLP integrates the digital systems of various government departments and organizations to provide real-time visibility of all functions and processes for stakeholders. 


The NLP includes a Unified Logistics Interface Platform (ULIP) that will facilitate multi-modal coordination for increased efficiency and efficiency. Ease of Logistics (EOL) is also ensured through various actions and enabling provisions in NLP.

the national logistics policy for the advancement of india's growth


AI, IoT, sensor integration, drones, and robotics will make logistics more efficient. Despite the Prime Minister’s statement during its launch, much more must be done to make this policy successful and bring logistics costs to less than 10 percent of the GDP.

edited and proofread by nikita sharma 

Nandana Valsan

Nandana Valsan is a Journalist/Writer by profession and an 'India Book of Records holder from Kochi, Kerala. She is pursuing MBA and specializes in Journalism and Mass Communication. She’s best known for News Writings for both small and large Web News Media, Online Publications, Freelance writing, and so on. ‘True Love: A Fantasy Bond’ is her first published write-up as a co-author and 'Paradesi Synagogue: History, Tradition & Antiquity' is her second successful write-up in a book as a co-author in the National Record Anthology. She has won Millenia 15 Most Deserving Youth Award 2022 in the category of Writer. A lot of milestones are waiting for her to achieve. Being a Writer, her passion for helping readers in all aspects of today's digital era flows through in the expert industry coverage she provides.

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