When it comes to generating electricity or lighting the planet, wires and cables are crucial. They are the only method for moving electricity between two locations. The business of cable companies has grown by 14–15% CAGR during the past 15 years.
India’s cable firms continuously deliver the greatest results to support the country’s power sector and economy.
A cable is a long, thick wire or group of wires that are covered in rubber or plastic and used to transmit electrical or electronic signals. A cable is a long, twisted rope that is strong and durable. Customized cable and wire production and provisioning is a challenging operation that calls for a business with significant experience, great manufacturing skills, and industry-recognized certifications. Customers should research which manufacturers will offer them the best, standardised, and long-lasting products.
Basic Differences between Wires and Cables
A wire is made up of a single conductor strand or a collection of conductor strands that have been wrapped in an insulating jacket to keep the conductors from creating unintended connections. Although they can also be used to move mechanical weights, wires are typically utilised to transport electrical and telecommunications signals. In essence, there are two different kinds of wires: solid and stranded.
A stranded wire is made up of several thin conductor strands that have been twisted together, as opposed to a solid wire, which is simply a lengthy length of a single conductor. Solid wires are good for usage in higher frequencies since they have minimal resistance. Wires with strands have a longer lifespan because they are more flexible. Furthermore, for the same current carrying capacity, stranded wires have a larger cross-sectional area than solid wires.
In general, a cable is made up of two or more wires that are bundled, twisted, or braided together. In order to provide better protection than just wires, they are primarily insulated. The majority of power transmission uses cables, as well as electrical and telecommunications signal transmission. There are many different kinds of cables, including fibre optic cable, multi-conductor cable, twisted pair cable, and coaxial cable. The twisted pair cable, which is mostly used for signal transmission, is made up of two cables that have been wound around one another.
A multi-conductor cable, on the other hand, is made up of numerous conductors that are isolated from one another and is used to safeguard signal integrity by lowering hum, noise, and crosstalk. Coaxial cable is typically used in TV Cable and is composed of an inner solid conductor surrounded by a paralleled outer foil conductor, shielded by an insulating layer. Fibre optic cables use a collection of glass threads to help carry signals. These cables can carry more data since they have a significantly wider bandwidth than metal cables.
Types of Wire
Single-conductor wires can be divided into two categories: solid and stranded (also called braided). Solid wire is more rigid and has superior electrical conductivity. Smaller wires are braided together to form stranded wire. Stranded wires are frequently used in phone chargers because they are less likely to break when bent repeatedly.
- Jumper wires are flexible stranded wires that are pre-cut to various lengths and have stiff ends so they can be inserted into breadboards with ease. Hook-up wire is often a single conductor, insulated wire used for internal connections in low current, low voltage (600 Volt) applications. It is available in various gauges and lengths. A wire stripper can be used to remove the insulation from the hook-up wire after it has been cut to the proper length, allowing the metal conductor to be connected to a circuit.
- Magnet wire is a copper or aluminium wire that has a very thin insulating layer applied to it. Multiple layers of wire can be woven together without short circuiting using magnet wire. The wire forms an electromagnetic field when it is twisted into a coil and powered. Transformers, inductors, motors, electromagnets, Tesla coils, and other devices that call for tightly wound insulated wire frequently employ magnet wire.
- The name “wire-wrap wire” comes from its suitability for wire wrapping. The silver-plated copper wire is well insulated, flexible, and abrasion-resistant. Prototypes benefit greatly from wire wrapping since it makes point-to-point connections and their repair simple. Due to the amount of contact the wire has with the post, wire wrapping connections are more dependable than soldered connections.
- Muscle wire is a very thin Nitinol wire that can contract when an electric current is applied, earning it the name. Micro locks for Microsoft® Surface Book notebooks have been made out of it.
Types of Cables
The quantity and size/gauge of the wires it includes are used to categorise cables. The markings on the wires consist of a string of characters, a number, a dash, and another number. The type of insulation is indicated by the letters.
- The current and voltage from household power are safely delivered via AC power cords to electronic equipment, often an AC to DC power supply. The individually insulated conductors have connectors on one or both ends and are enclosed in a more robust protective outer jacket. The jacket often has printed information on the conductor size and count, current and voltage rating, temperature rating, and agency approvals.
- Multi-conductor cable is a type of stranded wire that houses between two to sixty different conductors inside a single jacket. Both solid and stranded conductors may be wound together inside the jacket. These cables can be used to connect large appliances, as well as in audio systems, medical equipment, and other applications.
- A ribbon-shaped cable is created by connecting a number of single-conductor wires side by side. Due to the ability to detach the conductors from the ribbon, it is also known as zip-wire. The wires are individually insulated rather than being covered in a single protective jacket like the other types of cables.
- Coaxial cable is made up of an insulated central conductor, a braided wire shield, and a hard outer jacket or sheathing. When two or more three-dimensional linear shapes share one axis, they are said to be coaxial. With little loss, this kind of transmission line can carry electrical signals of high frequency. Broadband internet networking cables, cable television transmission, and tying radio transmitters and receivers to their antennas are a few uses for these cables. The outer plastic sheath, woven copper shield, inner dielectric insulator, and copper core make up the coaxial cable.
- Speaker cable consists of two or more electrical conductors, usually copper, that are each individually protected by rubber or plastic. While electrically identical, the two wires have markings to indicate the proper polarity of the audio transmission. For the electrical connections between speakers and amplifier sources, speaker cable is employed. Resistance, capacitance, and inductance are the three main electrical characteristics. Low resistance permits more power from the source to pass through the speaker coil, producing louder sound.
Let’s now know about the Top 10 Best Wires And Cables Manufacturing Company In India in 2023 –
A well-known manufacturer of fast-moving electrical goods with operations all over India is Havells India Ltd. Industrial & Domestic Circuit Protection Switchgear Cables & Wires Motors Fans are among its product offerings. Luminaires powered by capacitors for domestic, commercial, and industrial use The full spectrum of domestic, commercial, and industrial electrical demands are covered by modular switches, water heaters, and domestic appliances.
Havells is the owner of well-known brands like Standard and Crabtree. In India, the corporation operates 14 cutting-edge manufacturing facilities in Haridwar, Baddi, Noida, Sahibabad, Faridabad, Alwar, and Neemrana. Incorporated as Havell’s Pvt Ltd in August 1983, Havells India Ltd changed its legal status to a public limited company in March 1992.
Havells and its brands have earned the reputation of being the electrical product of choice for affluent people and business consumers in India and internationally. Havells provides identically high-quality goods for the Indian and global markets. It is dedicated to continuing to provide the globe with power through its cutting-edge inventions and energy-efficient solutions. At the moment, more than 90% of its product offerings are made in-house and are energy efficient.
Under the “POLYCAB” trademark, Polycab is in the business of producing and marketing wires, cables, and fast-moving electrical goods (FMEG). We produce and market FMEG goods such as electric fans, LED lighting and luminaires, switches and switchgear, solar products, conduits & accessories, in addition to wires and cables.
The promoters of Polycab have a combined expertise of more than 40 years. The company was established as a private limited company under the Companies Act, 1956, on January 10, 1996 in Mumbai under the name “Polycab Wires Private Limited.”
Power cables, control cables, instrumentation cables, solar cables, building wires, flexible cables, flexible/single multi core cables, communication cables, and other products like welding cables, submersible flat and round cables, rubber cables, overhead conductors, railway signalling cables, specialty cables, and green wires are among the wide variety of wires and cables that Polycab manufactures and sells.
In 2009, Polycab expanded their business into the “EPC” sector, which entails designing, engineering, supplying, carrying out, and commissioning electricity distribution and rural electrification projects. Switches, switchgear, and conduits & accessories are their main FMEG items. In 2014, it diversified into the FMEG segment.
With regard to digital infrastructure and accessibility, Polycab’s Telecom Division manufactures OFCs, FRP/ARP Rods, IGFR Yarns, and a wide range of end-to-end passive networking solutions. It also offers EPC-services to improve people’s life.
3. Finolex Cables Ltd.
Since its founding in 1958, Finolex Cables Limited (FCL) has grown to become India’s largest and most prestigious cable maker. Manufacturing electrical cables, communication cables, and other electrical equipment is the company’s main business. The company’s manufacturing facilities are situated in Panjim, Goa, Roorkee, Uttarakhand, and Pune, Maharashtra.
The company produces continuous cast copper rods (CCC rods) at its Rod Plant in Goa to fulfil its demand for copper rods for both types of cables. Only a limited portion of this manufacturing of CCC rods is now offered for sale to outside clients. Electrical switches, LED-based lamps, fans, low-voltage MCBs, water heaters, and PVC conduit pipes have all been introduced to the Finolex product line.
With the ambitious goal of providing a one-stop shop for all electrical product needs, the company recently entered the Fast-Moving Electrical Goods (FMEG) area as well. The well-established cables and wires portfolio of FMEG has been expanded, further enhancing its position in the margin-enhancing B2C sector. Continuous Cast Copper Rods (CCC rods), a crucial raw material input for the production of copper-based electrical and communication cables, are produced by the company’s Goa plant.
4. RR Kabel
A USD 850 million electrical conglomerate with activities in over 85 countries, RR Global is the parent company of RR Kabel. They continue to offer the highest-quality products in a variety of industry verticals, including Wires & Cables, by utilising the most recent developments in wire design and engineering. For residential, commercial, industrial, and infrastructure applications, they offer the widest range of premium wires and cables.
In-depth research and development by qualified experts have also been used to ensure that our products comply with international standards and regulations, including REACH (Registration, Evaluation, and Authorisation of Chemical Substances) and RoHS (Restriction of Hazardous Substances).
RR Kabel thinks that innovation and effective R&D are essential to the future development of their sector since they allow them to push limits and eliminate borders. RR Kabel is committed to providing the safest environment possible and is always creating new, globally applicable solutions.
5. KEI Industries Ltd
KEI Industry Lt. with the primary commercial activity of producing rubber cables for house wiring, KEI was founded in 1968 as a partnership firm under the name Krishna Electrical Industries. It now provides comprehensive wire & cable solutions and has expanded into a global empire. Through a vast network of 5000+ channel partners, its goods service clients in over 45 countries across the world. KEI Industries has consistently been convinced of the value of its people. Although KEI currently maintains its national headquarters in New Delhi, the company also has around 38 branch offices and 21 warehouses there.
A wide variety of cabling options are available from the company. Extra-High Voltage (EHV), Medium Voltage (MV), and Low Voltage (LV) power cables are all produced and sold by KEI. As a one-stop shop for products and services that caters to both the retail and institutional markets, KEI has established a strong foothold in the Engineering, Procurement and Construction (EPC) services industry.
KEI is more than just a manufacturer and seller of cables and wires; it is a market and industry leader in India and a preferred vendor for both commercial and public sector customers around the world. The whole variety of cables and wires are available from KEI, an end-to-end solutions provider, to fulfil the specialised needs of our wide range of clients in the retail, institutional (EHV + EPC), and exports industries.
6. Anchor by Panasonic
An Indian company named Anchor Electricals Pvt. Ltd. produces electrical equipment. The majority of electrical switches, both modular and non-modular, are produced in India. It produces a variety of goods, including low-voltage switchgear, wires & cables, lighting, and fans.
Previously known as Anchor Electricals Pvt. Ltd., Panasonic Life Solutions India Pvt. Ltd. is a fully-owned subsidiary of Panasonic Corporation of Japan. A 50-year-old Indian family-owned electrical equipment business named Anchor was purchased by Panasonic in 2007. Wires, cables, lamps, luminaires, fans, switchgear, and low-voltage electrical switches and accessories are all manufactured. There are additional Panasonic home automation products available.
The corporation has decided to build a new production plant in Daman, India. The plant would cost Rs 200 crores to build and will produce a wide range of wiring gadgets. The plant can currently produce 240 million units each year. For the first two years, Daman-produced goods will only be sold on the domestic market. By 2015, it was projected that the company’s revenue would come from exports to make up 5%. The plant uses solar power, LED lighting, and purified sewage water among other cutting-edge technologies.
Delton Cables, which was established in 1948, helped India’s electrical industry grow. The business was started by Shri Ram Kumar Gupta, who was a leader in innovation with a moral foundation. Delton’s ethos has been centred on a commitment to quality for more than 70 years. Even today, Delton, which is known for the dependability and safety of the Delton brand, is one of India’s top manufacturers of cables, wires, and switchgear goods. Delton has been a publicly traded firm for more than 50 years, which contributes to the customers’ faith in the company. Our steady success, both in India and internationally, is further attested to by Delton’s approval base and certifications.
Instead of only delivering customer service, they uphold the belief that customers should be happy. Delton has long been recognised for its efforts and commitment by a variety of renowned organisations, including the EEPC (Export Engineering Promotion Council) and the award for the top Indian exporter. Delton is honoured to be acknowledged for its expertise and will keep working to increase client satisfaction!
The Kochi, Kerala-based multi-product company V-Guard Industries Limited serves the mass-consumption market. In the electronics market, the company offers stabilisers, UPS systems, and solar inverters. With a market share of more than 51% for its flagship product, voltage stabilisers, it holds a dominant position. In the electrical market, the company’s product line comprises Cables & Wires, Pumps, Switchgears, and Modular Switches. Fans, water heaters, kitchen appliances, air conditioners, and fans are among the company’s product offerings in the consumer durables market.
The market leader in South India is V-Guard Industries. 60% of V-product Guard’s profile is outsourced, with the remaining 40% produced in-house. It has production plants in Tamil Nadu’s Coimbatore. Kala Amb in Himachal Pradesh and Kashipur in Uttaranchal. The company’s robust nationwide distribution network includes 25000+ stores, 29 branches, 624 distributors, and 5562 channel partners.
The SSK Group’s flagship business, Shree Sant Kripa Appliances Pvt. Ltd., was established in 1989. The SSK Group has become a force to be reckoned with in a number of industries because to its pursuit of excellence over the past 20 years.
A wide range of high-quality LED lighting options are offered by Syska LED for a variety of applications, including those in residential, retail, commercial, and industrial environments. The SSK Group foresaw that the LED Lighting market in India will eventually reach 75% and that this would serve as the company’s foundation. Today, Syska LED is a market leader, providing a variety of lighting solutions. Syska LED presently holds more than 40 lighting-related patents.
As technology advances, Syska LED will become increasingly important in changing how people in India use lights.
Syska Accessories are built specifically for India’s expanding market for mobile phones and were created after extensive research and innovation. The purpose of Syska Accessories is to enhance the lives of individuals who utilise them. They have attractive designs, are strong and durable, and have undergone quality testing.
Syska offers cables and wires after inventing ground-breaking leads in India. They are the safest you will discover. They have PVC insulation and are also fireproof. These wires and cables’ flexibility increases their current carrying capacity.
10. Plaza Cables
Quality is Plaza Cables’ defining characteristic. R K Cable, currently known as PLAZA CABLES, began as a small business 35 years ago and has come a long way to become a significant participant in the cable & wires market. With all of its goods, Plaza has been establishing standards for quality and safety since its inception. Plaza Cables has the most cutting-edge manufacturing and testing tools available.
Due to the exponential relationship between Power Cables and power generation, it provided a natural opportunity for growth, and as a result, the business now offers a full and extensive variety of cable solutions to address the diverse needs of power generation.
The PVC-insulated LT Power and Control Cable, the XLPE Insulated Power Cables, the Railway Signaling Cables, the Mining Cables, the Aerial Bunched Cables, and the Medium Voltage XLPE Insulated Cables are among them. Now that solar lighting and water heating systems have been approved by MNRE/SEC, Plaza Cables has entered the market. The energy-saving CFLEB (Self Ballasted Lamps for General Lighting Services) bulb, which complies with IS:15111 Parts I and II up to Amendment No. 6, is also produced by Plaza and has the ISI mark.
Final Words –
Cable and wire manufacturing is a booming industry. Some can also be used for industrial reasons, while others are just intended for residential usage. So, based on your demands and requirements, pick the best wires and cables in terms of favourable ratings and popularity!
Edited by Prakriti Arora