Union Budget 2023: How Does The Budget Affect NRIs?

Union Budget 2023: How Does The Budget Affect NRIs?

Nirmala Sitharaman, India’s finance minister, unveiled the country’s budget for 2022–2023 on Tuesday (February 1). Its goal is to steer the economy towards growth despite the continuing coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic. The administration strongly emphasized capital spending and investments in a pro-growth budget.

To promote infrastructure development and economic growth, the government plans to increase spending in the upcoming fiscal year to $529.7 billion (Rs39.45 trillion). It is significant to note that it involves record borrowing and a budgetary imbalance that is larger than intended.

The overall amount spent by the government in the 2022–23 fiscal year, which begins in April, would be 4.6% higher than it is this year, according to Sitharaman, who presented the budget. In her introductory remarks, Sitharaman stated that the growth is projected to be 9.2 per cent for the years 2021 and 2022, making it the quickest rate of expansion among the major economies of the globe.

It is an “inclusive” Budget, according to Indian politician and Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) leader Kiren Rijiju, that looks out for the interests of every segment of society, especially the underprivileged, rural, and border regions.

How will it affect Non-Resident Indians (NRIs), though? Here is a summary:

Union Budget

Main Takeaways – 

The implementation of the digital rupee may help NRIs by lowering the cost of international money transfers.

The use of electronic passports with embedded chips will make it easier to manage arrival and exit. The chip will aid data linkages with the tax authorities and the Indian Ministry of External Affairs.

Those who wish to file amended tax returns have until the end of the assessment year. They have had this opportunity for two years. Additionally, it will benefit individuals who reside abroad.

ANI, a news agency based in India, quoted Bharat Bhatia, the founder and CEO of Conares, which is the second-largest private steel company in the UAE, as saying the following: “The finance minister presented an extremely promising budget presenting a lot of prospects for growth and investments that would prove to be good to the economy at large.”

He states, “the budget guarantees marginal allocations for urban capacity building, modernization of building bylaws, town planning schemes, and transit-oriented development will be implemented.” Bhatia also praised the removal of customs taxes on stainless steel, flat goods, and high steel bars, as well as the extension of the exemption from customs taxes on steel scrap for small and medium-sized firms for an additional year.

Dr Sunil Kumar K, Managing Director of SAM Corporate in Dubai, praised the government’s recent declarations regarding electronic passports and digital currencies. According to Kumar, who the news agency quoted, E-passports will benefit NRIs, and the RBI’s digital rupee will determine the market’s trends “where the government may act as a catalyst, bringing security and restrictions. The outlook is positive.”

Union Budget

To promote the digital economy and effective currency management, Sitharaman suggested that the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) establish digital money in the following fiscal year commencing April 2022. She added that e-passports with embedded chips would be introduced.

An increase in growth free of negative connotations and a boost in investor confidence, says Kumar, will result from enterprises’ voluntary dissolution. “The financing of investments is a positive step that will give early-stage enterprises a significant boost in growth. Nothing could be greater than encouraging the young generation of entrepreneurs, “Added he.

Why didn’t the government provide any significant announcements regarding NRIs in the budget?

India has long been a popular investment location for NRIs. During the most recent fiscal year, India received more than $100 billion in remittances. Over the course of the preceding financial year, it climbed by more than 12%, and a significant percentage of this growth can be attributed to members of the Indian diaspora who are not residents of India.

Almost 65 per cent of the Indian diaspora in the top 14 nations sends money home to India in this way. The rupee’s gradual depreciation over time is another essential aspect of this entire essay. This increase in remittances across India can be traced back to the depreciation of the Indian rupee by more than 10% in 2017.

A significant portion of the limited amount of money that is being remitted to India in the form of remittances still goes as investments into markets or various assets, with 50% of that amount or more likely going towards domestic savings and family maintenance.

Union Budget

Today, a more significant portion of this money is being deposited in banks, usually as NRE and NRO FCNR deposits held at public and commercial banks. As a result, from the standpoint of the budget, the reason the government has yet to make any modifications because the remittances have been sizable due to India’s robust domestic growth in several areas and corporate profitability. With a specialized plan for NRI market segments, the country has improved its openness and made it simpler to gain access to financial institutions and the capital market.

The most important aspect is that, compared to what NRI customers are receiving in their in-country investment opportunity, currency interest rate arbitrage and return arbitrage are the most important things to compare. Typically, the more significant percentage is kept in banks, where more considerable sums of deposits are stored tax-free. Furthermore, there was no action to take regarding the budget in the way of investments that required to be monitored or certain types of investments that required to be lowered for taxes.

Edited by Prakriti Arora

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